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Amnesty International: Egypt must stop forced returns and arbitrary detention of Sudanese refugees

by Derek Andrews
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Amnesty Worldwide called on the Egyptian authorities to instantly cease all compelled deportation and arbitrary detention of Sudanese refugees, in a report launched on Wednesday. The report documented over 5,000 Sudanese nationals deported from April to September 2023. The report additionally highlighted the expulsions of 721 Sudanese refugees on June 13, reflecting the authorities’ systemic strategy to collective expulsions.

The report highlights the mass arrests of Sudanese ladies, males, and kids by Egyptian border forces and legislation enforcement businesses for the reason that outbreak of armed conflict in Sudan between the Sudanese Armed Forces (SAF) and the Speedy Help Forces (RSF) in April 2023. These refugees have been detained in merciless and inhumane situations resembling warehouses or horse stables, affected by overcrowding, lack of medical care, inadequate meals and water, and unsanitary situations. The group alleges that the detained refugees are being held pending forcible returns to Sudan, with no alternative to use for asylum or legally problem their deportation. Moreover, the report paperwork detentions marred by severe honest trial violations, together with lack of authorized illustration, incommunicado detention, and ignored launch orders, leading to arbitrary detention pending deportation.

Notably, on August 29, 2023, the Egyptian authorities issued Decree No. 3326 of 2023, permitting migrants to legalize their keep in Egypt by paying $1,000 and late fines. Nevertheless, instantly after this decree, human rights teams reported receiving and documenting a whole bunch of stories of systematic arrests, arbitrary detention, and forcible return campaigns carried out by Egyptian authorities in opposition to Sudanese refugees and migrants nationwide. Based on these organizations, the arrest and deportation campaigns started in late August 2023 and are nonetheless ongoing, with arrests occurring in cities like Cairo, Giza, Aswan, the Pink Sea, Matrouh, and Alexandria, in addition to alongside Egypt’s southern border.

The Amnesty Worldwide report additionally highlights Egypt’s abysmal human rights report, together with violations in opposition to refugees and migrants, regardless of the EU’s announcement of a strategic partnership agreement with Egypt in March 2024. This settlement entails a €7.4 billion support and funding bundle geared toward deepening cooperation over migration and border management. Nevertheless, critics argue that with out pushing for real human rights reforms or reining in Egyptian authorities abuses, the EU’s help is unlikely to cease the repression of migrants and will even exacerbate it, as funds might straight help such repression.

In response to the scenario, greater than 25 organizations, together with Statewatch, have signed a joint statement calling on the Egyptian authorities “to instantly cease the intense abuses in opposition to Sudanese looking for refuge in Egypt.” The assertion calls for an finish to inhumane detention situations, unfair proceedings, compelled returns, racial profiling, and the extraction of funds on the promise of standing regularization.

Source / Picture: jurist.org

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